Rclone 安装配置教程 – 连接 OneDrive 和 Google Drive

释放双眼,带上耳机,听听看~!

前言

Rclone 是一个的命令行工具,支持在不同对象存储、网盘间同步、上传、下载数据。并且通过一些设置可以实现离线下载、服务器备份等非常实用的功能。这里以 OneDriveGoogle Drive 为例子,进行连接配置,其它网盘的操作类似。由于是交互式配置选项,只要能看懂基本没有任何难度。

安装 Rclone

官方提供了一键安装脚本:

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash

Rclone 连接 OneDrive

获取 token
在本地 Win­dows 电脑上下载 rclone,然后解压出来,解压后进入文件夹,在资源管理器地址栏输入 cmd,回车就会在当前路径打开命令提示符。输入以下命令:

rclone authorize "onedrive"

接下来会弹出浏览器,要求你登录账号进行授权。授权完后命令提示符窗口会出现以下信息:

If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: http://127.0.0.1:53682/auth
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Waiting for code...
Got code
Paste the following into your remote machine --->
{"access_token":"xxxxxxxx"}  # 注意!复制{xxxxxxxx}整个内容,并保存好,后面需要用到
<---End paste

配置 Rclone
输入 rclone config 命令,会出现以下信息,参照下面的注释进行操作。
TIPS: 因为 RCLONE 会时不时进行更新,当你看到这篇教程时菜单选项可能已经发生了略微的改动,但大致思路不会变,不要无脑照搬操作

    e) Edit existing remote
    n) New remote
    d) Delete remote
    r) Rename remote
    c) Copy remote
    s) Set configuration password
    q) Quit config
    e/n/d/r/c/s/q> n  # 选择n,新建
    name> onedrive   # 输入名称,类似于标签,用于区分不同的网盘。
    Type of storage to configure.
    Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
    Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
     1 / A stackable unification remote, which can appear to merge the contents of several remotes
       \ "union"
     2 / Alias for a existing remote
       \ "alias"
     3 / Amazon Drive
       \ "amazon cloud drive"
     4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
       \ "s3"
     5 / Backblaze B2
       \ "b2"
     6 / Box
       \ "box"
     7 / Cache a remote
       \ "cache"
     8 / Dropbox
       \ "dropbox"
     9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
       \ "crypt"
    10 / FTP Connection
       \ "ftp"
    11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
       \ "google cloud storage"
    12 / Google Drive
       \ "drive"
    13 / Hubic
       \ "hubic"
    14 / JottaCloud
       \ "jottacloud"
    15 / Local Disk
       \ "local"
    16 / Mega
       \ "mega"
    17 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
       \ "azureblob"
    18 / Microsoft OneDrive
       \ "onedrive"
    19 / OpenDrive
       \ "opendrive"
    20 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
       \ "swift"
    21 / Pcloud
       \ "pcloud"
    22 / QingCloud Object Storage
       \ "qingstor"
    23 / SSH/SFTP Connection
       \ "sftp"
    24 / Webdav
       \ "webdav"
    25 / Yandex Disk
       \ "yandex"
    26 / http Connection
       \ "http"
    Storage> 18  # 选择18,Microsoft OneDrive
    ** See help for onedrive backend at: https://rclone.org/onedrive/ **
    
    Microsoft App Client Id
    Leave blank normally.
    Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
    client_id>   # 留空,回车
    Microsoft App Client Secret
    Leave blank normally.
    Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
    client_secret>   # 留空,回车
    Edit advanced config? (y/n)
    y) Yes
    n) No
    y/n> n  # 选n
    Remote config
    Use auto config?
     * Say Y if not sure
     * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
    y) Yes
    n) No
    y/n> n  # 选n
    For this to work, you will need rclone available on a machine that has a web browser available.
    Execute the following on your machine:
        rclone authorize "onedrive"
    Then paste the result below:
    result> {"XXXXXXXX"}  # 上面保存的token复制到这里
    2018/10/31 19:54:06 ERROR : Failed to save new token in config file: section 'P3TERX' not found
    Choose a number from below, or type in an existing value
     1 / OneDrive Personal or Business
       \ "onedrive"
     2 / Root Sharepoint site
       \ "sharepoint"
     3 / Type in driveID
       \ "driveid"
     4 / Type in SiteID
       \ "siteid"
     5 / Search a Sharepoint site
       \ "search"
    Your choice> 1  # 这里问你要选择的类型,选1
    Found 1 drives, please select the one you want to use:
    0: OneDrive (business)
    Chose drive to use:> 0  # 程序找到网盘,这里编号是0,就选择0
    Found drive 'root' of type 'business', URL: https://xxxxxx-my.sharepoint.com/personal/xxxxxxx/Documents
    Is that okay?
    y) Yes
    n) No
    y/n> y  # 选y
    --------------------
    [onedrive]
    type = onedrive
    token = {"XXXXXXXX"}
    drive_id = XXXXXXXXX
    drive_type = business
    --------------------
    y) Yes this is OK
    e) Edit this remote
    d) Delete this remote
    y/e/d> y  # 选y
    Current remotes:
    
    Name                 Type
    ====                 ====
   onedrive             onedrive
    
    e) Edit existing remote
    n) New remote
    d) Delete remote
    r) Rename remote
    c) Copy remote
    s) Set configuration password
    q) Quit config
    e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q  # 选q,退出

至此,Rclone 已成功连接到了 OneDrive 网盘。

Rclone 连接 Google Drive
OneDrive 不同的是,Google Drive 不需要本地 Win­dows 客户端预先进行授权获取 to­ken,而是在配置过程中进行授权。

输入 rclone config 命令,会出现以下信息,参照下面的注释进行操作。

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> n  # 选择n,新建
name> Google  # 输入名称,类似于标签,用于区分不同的网盘。
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / A stackable unification remote, which can appear to merge the contents of several remotes
   \ "union"
 2 / Alias for a existing remote
   \ "alias"
 3 / Amazon Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers (AWS, Ceph, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio)
   \ "s3"
 5 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 6 / Box
   \ "box"
 7 / Cache a remote
   \ "cache"
 8 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
 9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \ "crypt"
10 / FTP Connection
   \ "ftp"
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
12 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
13 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
14 / JottaCloud
   \ "jottacloud"
15 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
16 / Mega
   \ "mega"
17 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
   \ "azureblob"
18 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
19 / OpenDrive
   \ "opendrive"
20 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
21 / Pcloud
   \ "pcloud"
22 / QingCloud Object Storage
   \ "qingstor"
23 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \ "sftp"
24 / Webdav
   \ "webdav"
25 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
26 / http Connection
   \ "http"
Storage> 12  # 选择12,Google Drive
** See help for drive backend at: https://rclone.org/drive/ **

Google Application Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id>  # 留空,回车
Google Application Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret>  # 留空,回车
Scope that rclone should use when requesting access from drive.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
   \ "drive"
 2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
   \ "drive.readonly"
   / Access to files created by rclone only.
 3 | These are visible in the drive website.
   | File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
   \ "drive.file"
   / Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.
 4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
   \ "drive.appfolder"
   / Allows read-only access to file metadata but
 5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
   \ "drive.metadata.readonly"
scope> 1
ID of the root folder
Leave blank normally.
Fill in to access "Computers" folders. (see docs).
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
root_folder_id>  # 留空,回车
Service Account Credentials JSON file path
Leave blank normally.
Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
service_account_file>
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> #选n
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine or Y didn't work
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> #选n
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?access_type=offline&client_id=XXXXXXXXXXX.apps.googleusercontent.com&redirect_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Awg%3Aoauth%3A2.0%3Aoob&response_type=code&scope=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.googleapis.com%2Fauth%2Fdrive&state=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Log in and authorize rclone for access  # 会弹出浏览器,要求你登录账号进行授权。如果没有弹出,复制上面的链接到浏览器中打开进行授权。
Enter verification code>  # 在这里输入网页上显示的验证码

Configure this as a team drive?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> #y
Fetching team drive list...
No team drives found in your account--------------------
[Google]
type = drive
scope = drive
token = {"access_token":"XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX"}
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> #选y
Current remotes:

Name                 Type
====                 ====
Google               drive
onedrive            onedrive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> #选q

至此,Rclone 已成功连接到了 Google Drive 网盘。

参考

rclone 官方手册
在 Debian/Ubuntu 上使用 rclone 挂载 OneDrive 网盘

转载:https://p3terx.com/archives/rclone-installation-and-configuration-tutorial.html

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